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Urinary Diseases explained
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can be divided into upper tract infections, which involve the kidneys, and lower tract infections, which involve the bladder, urethra, or prostate. However, in practice, and particularly in children, differentiating between the sites may be difficult or impossible. Moreover, infection often moves from one area to the other.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria in the urinary tract. Women get UTIs more often than men. UTIs are treated with antibiotics. Drinking lots of fluids also helps by flushing out the bacteria. Urinary conditions and dieases are explored includes: urinary tract infections, incontinence, and bladder cancer, as well as other conditions and diseases affecting the urinary system. Includes facts about causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, prevention, and alternatives treatments for urinary diseases and conditions.
The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The key players in the system are the kidneys, a pare of purplish-brown organs located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. The kidneys remove liquid waste from the blood in the form of urine, keep a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood, and produce a hormone that aids the formation of red blood cells. Narrow tubes called ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder, a triangle-shaped chamber in the lower abdomen. Urine is stored in the bladder and emptied through the urethra.
Causes of Urinary Diseases
In most cases, bacteria first begin growing in the urethra. An infection limited to the urethra is called urethritis. From there bacteria often moves on to the bladder, causing a bladder infection (cystitis). If the infection is not treated properly, bacteria may then go up the ureters to infect the kidneys (pyelonephritis).
Women who change sexual partners or begin having sexual intercourse more frequently may experience bladder or urinary tract infections more often than women in monogomus relationships. Although it is rare, some women get a urinary tract infection every time they have sex.
Allergy is postulated to sometimes affect bladder wall mucosa and result in inflammation. Allergen may include food(s) and environmental sources.
Certain medical conditions or diseases can make a person prone to UTIs. Diabetics, who occasionally spill sugars into their urine may be at risk for developing infection. Similarly, woman who are pregnant or have gestational diabetes, have been known to experience frequent UTIs. In men, an enlarged prostate may lead to UTIs.
Infection In some instances, lower urinary tract infection can precipitate subsequent development of FLUTD. However , in cats infection can also develop secondarily to ongoing FLUTD
Symptoms of Urinary Diseases
The main urinary tract infection symptom is pain during urinating; urethritis develops if the infection is not treated; this disorders are not related to genital herpes and other viruses. Antibiotics and other medications are used as a treatment.
In children, symptoms of a urinary infection may be overlooked or attributed to another disorder. A UTI should be considered when a child or infant seems irritable, is not eating normally, has an unexplained fever that does not go away, has incontinence or loose bowels, or is not thriving. The child should be seen by a doctor if there are any questions about these symptoms, especially if there is a change in the child's urinary pattern.
When bacteria enters the ureters and spread to the kidneys, symptoms such as back pain, chills, fever, nausea, and vomiting may occur, as well as the previous symptoms of lower urinary tract infection.
The lining of the bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys become irritated with a urinary tract infection, just like the inside of the nose or throat with a cold. If your child is an infant or is only a few years old, the signs of a urinary tract infection may not be clear, since children that young cannot tell you just how they feel. Your child may have a high fever, be irritable, or not eat.